Gluten-free Oats and Gastrointestinal Health in Coeliac Disease, Part 1

Study Purpose

The research aims to investigate the effects of gluten-free oats to the gastrointestinal health in celiac disease patients and healthy subjects. The effects of gluten-free oats on the several intestinal parameters, on the composition of the gut microbiota as well as on the metabolic profile of celiac patients and healthy controls will be studied. The study is divided into two parts. Part 1 will be conducted as a double-blind, randomized and placebo-controlled cross-over study. Healthy subjects will be recruited to the study. The aim is to recruit 15 participants for the part 1. The study will be conducted with a cross-over setting, where the subjects will go through exposure meals and SmartPill ingestion three times (two different oat products and placebo) in a randomized order. The study meals are identical in appearance and fiber content. After consuming the meal subjects will ingest the SmartPill capsule, which will send data on intestinal pH, pressure and temperature to the external portable device. Before and during the passage of capsule the subjects will fill a symptom and food diary. The capsule will exit the body in 1 to 3 days and the data collected by the external device will be collected and analyzed. Before the oat/placebo exposure the subjects will give a fecal and a blood sample. In addition, 36 hours urine samples will be collected. In part 2 celiac disease patients, non-celiac gluten sensitive subjects and healthy controls will be recruited and they will be divided into four groups: oat-avoiding celiacs (1), oat-consuming celiacs (2), non-celiac gluten sensitive subjects

  • (3) and healthy controls (4).
Recruiting aim for each group is 15 subjects. In addition to dietary data, a blood, and a fecal sample will be collected from the subjects. The gut microbiota will be analyzed from the fecal samples. The metabolic products will be analyzed from the fecal, urine and blood samples. The gut microbiota composition will be analyzed with next-generation DNA sequencing techniques.

Recruitment Criteria

Accepts Healthy Volunteers

Healthy volunteers are participants who do not have a disease or condition, or related conditions or symptoms

Yes
Study Type

An interventional clinical study is where participants are assigned to receive one or more interventions (or no intervention) so that researchers can evaluate the effects of the interventions on biomedical or health-related outcomes.


An observational clinical study is where participants identified as belonging to study groups are assessed for biomedical or health outcomes.


Searching Both is inclusive of interventional and observational studies.

Interventional
Eligible Ages 18 Years - 65 Years
Gender All
More Inclusion & Exclusion Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

- Healthy subjects - Celiac disease and wheat allergy excluded by antigen test - Age 18-65 - BMI 18,5 - 30 - Normal liver, thyroid and kidney functions

Exclusion Criteria:

- Pacemaker or other implanted electronical device - Crohn's disease, ulcerative colitis or acute diverticulitis - Dysphagia or difficulties with swallowing - Surgery on the GI tract within the last 3 months - Intestinal obstruction - Gastric bezoar - Severe constipation - Medication that majorly affects GI tract (e.g. laxatives, antacids) - Antibiotic treatment within the last 6 months - Blood donation or participating in a another clinical trial within the last month

Trial Details

Trial ID:

This trial id was obtained from ClinicalTrials.gov, a service of the U.S. National Institutes of Health, providing information on publicly and privately supported clinical studies of human participants with locations in all 50 States and in 196 countries.

NCT02764931
Phase

Phase 1: Studies that emphasize safety and how the drug is metabolized and excreted in humans.

Phase 2: Studies that gather preliminary data on effectiveness (whether the drug works in people who have a certain disease or condition) and additional safety data.

Phase 3: Studies that gather more information about safety and effectiveness by studying different populations and different dosages and by using the drug in combination with other drugs.

Phase 4: Studies occurring after FDA has approved a drug for marketing, efficacy, or optimal use.

N/A
Lead Sponsor

The sponsor is the organization or person who oversees the clinical study and is responsible for analyzing the study data.

University of Turku
Principal Investigator

The person who is responsible for the scientific and technical direction of the entire clinical study.

Kaisa Linderborg, PhD
Principal Investigator Affiliation Associate professor
Agency Class

Category of organization(s) involved as sponsor (and collaborator) supporting the trial.

Other
Overall Status Recruiting
Countries Finland
Conditions

The disease, disorder, syndrome, illness, or injury that is being studied.

Unidentified Gastrointestinal Symptoms Following Gluten-free Oats Consumption
Additional Details

Part 1 will be conducted as a double-blind, randomized and placebo-controlled cross-over study. Healthy subjects will be recruited to the study. The aim is to recruit 15 participants for the part 1. The study will be conducted with a cross-over setting, where the subjects will go through exposure meals and SmartPill ingestion three times (three different oat products) in a randomized order. The study meals are identical in appearance and fiber content. After consuming the meal subjects will ingest the SmartPill capsule, which will send data on intestinal pH, pressure and temperature to the external portable device. Before and during the passage of capsule the subjects will fill a symptom and food diary. The capsule will exit the body in 1 to 3 days and the data collected by the external device will be collected and analyzed. Before the oat exposure the subjects will give a fecal and a blood sample. In addition, 24 hours urine samples will be collected.

Contact a Trial Team

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International Sites

Turku, Finland

Status

Recruiting

Address

Department of Biochemistry, University of Turku

Turku, , 20014

Site Contact

Kaisa M Linderborg, PhD

kaisa.linderborg@utu.fi

+358 2 333 6872

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