Bio-markers of Not-celiac Wheat Sensitivity
The aim of the investigators' study is to evaluate biochemical, immunological and histological characteristics of patients affected with the so-called "gluten (or wheat) sensitivity" who suffers from irritable bowel syndrome (IBS)-like symptoms. As it is not known what component of the cereals causes the symptoms in so called "gluten-sensitive" patients, the investigators prefer to speak of "not-celiac wheat sensitivity" (NCWS). NCWS patients may be defined as ones, neither celiac or allergic to wheat, who develop symptoms following wheat consumption, that improved on wheat/gluten free diet (GFD). For our research, we will select...
Bread Study: Comparison of the Tolerance of Spelt and Wheat Bread
This project aims to verify the hypothesis that spelt products are more tolerable than bread wheat products in a target group of individuals with self-diagnosed wheat sensitivity. In addition, the influence of different manufacturing processes will be considered.
Budesonide in Patients With Immune Mediated Enteropathies
Researchers are trying to determine if withdrawal of budesonide therapy in patients with immune-mediated enteropathies doing well on therapy will result in worsening symptoms, histology, quality of life, and micronutrient/nutritional status when compared to continued therapy.
Capsule Endoscopy in Newly Diagnosed Patients of Celiac Disease
Celiac Disease is an autoimmune disorder that affects approximately 1% of the world's population 1. The diagnosis of CD requires clinical, histopathological and serological factors 2. Since upper gastrointestinal endoscopy allows only visualization of the small bowel up to the second part of duodenum therefore this study was designed to determine involvement of different segments of small bowel using endoscopic scale by Bonatto MW et al 3 in newly diagnosed patients of celiac disease.
Celiac Disease and Vitamin Status: Evaluation of the Effect of Supplementation With a Probiotic (VIVOMIXX®) in a Cohoort of Celiac Patients
Celiac disease is a disorder caused by a disregulation of the immune system which leads to immune response to gluten. Diet therapy is the gold standard of treatment, and the only effective one. Macronutrients and micronutrients deficiency (vitamin D, folic acid, vitamin B12, vitamin B6, iron and zinc), which is in any case far more common in patients who don't follow gluten free diet, can persist in a subset of patients who follow gluten-free diet. Supplementation of vitamins in these patients may have a beneficial role. A recent study in a murine model showed that supplementation with probiotic VIVOMIXX® leads to an increase in expression...
Celiac Disease Database
The focus of this study is to create a database containing information about patients with celiac disease. This database will allow us to examine clinical and epidemiologic features of the University of Chicago Medical Center patient population. We have the largest population of patients with celiac disease in the mid-West and as such this study using information gathered from our database can greatly contribute to our current understanding of this disease.
Celiac Disease Diagnosis in Patients With Weakly Positive Serum Anti-Transglutaminase: Duodenal Anti-Endomysium Assay.
Celiac disease (CD) is a chronic immune-mediated disorder that occurs in genetically predisposed populations. Patients affected by the disease may be asymptomatic or manifest classic malabsorption symptoms of diarrhea, steatorrhea, abdominal pain, and weight loss after gluten ingestion (and related derivatives found in other grains). Diagnosis and screening begin with the use of serologic tests, i.e. IgA anti-tissue transglutaminase (tTG) and IgA anti-endomysial antibodies (EmA). Duodenal biopsy, still considered by many as the criterion necessary for diagnosis, demonstrates the pathologic findings of small intestinal villous atrophy, crypt...
Celiac Disease Genomic Environmental Microbiome and Metabolomic Study
Celiac disease (CD) is a complex disease caused by eating gluten, a protein contained in wheat, rye, and barley. It is well known that many factors contribute to the development of CD, including the genes that you have and the foods that you eat. In the CDGEMM study, we will consider as many of these factors as possible and study how they each contribute to disease development. If the investigators find that any one factor, or combination of factors, increases the risk of developing CD, we will be able to apply this information and help prevent or detect disease in high-risk children in the future.
Celiac Plexus Radio-Surgery for Pain Management
Many cancer patients, especially those with pancreatic cancer, suffer from severe lower back / upper abdominal pain. This pain is often poorly managed with standard treatments; the doses of painkiller required often induce side effects, whereas nerve block procedures (where a needle is deeply inserted into the back) are both invasive and of limited benefit. This clinical trial investigates a unique novel approach in which high-dose radiation (radiosurgery) is focused on the offending nerve bundle (the celiac plexus) in the posterior abdomen. Preliminary results from a single institution pilot trial are very promising: pain relief is...
Coeliac Disease in the Nord-Trøndelag Health Study (HUNT)
In this study, all citizen of Nord-Trøndelag County, Norway, above 18 years of age are invited to participate in a population-based health study, the HUNT study. Blood samples are drawn from the participants and assessed for celiac disease by a serological assay. Celiac disease is a chronic inflammatory disease of the small intestine due to dietary gluten in wheat, barley and rye. The diagnosis will be verified through endoscopic assessment and biopsies from the small intestinal mucosa. The aims of the study are 1) to establish the population-based prevalence of celiac disease; 2) to assess the consequences of the disease from patient...